The Balearic Islands had a excess mortality in 2020 of 4.85 percent due to COVID-19, according to information provided by the National Institute of Statistics (INE). Specifically, the average number of deaths in the Balearic Islands over the past five years (between 2015 and 2019) is 8,163, while 8,559 people from the islands lost their lives in 2020. In March 2020, when the pandemic of coronavirus began and caused an increase in deaths. Spain’s excess mortality that year was much higher, in particular 17%.
Public health and preventive medicine specialist Joan Carles March explained that “the fact that the Balearics are an island means that mortality was lower than in more populated provinces or autonomous communities. And this is an aspect that should have been fundamental and fundamental in the entire management of the pandemic. I have always thought that the islands have advantages for getting good results. It is true that the influence of tourism and the influx of people from different places can be an aspect which does not facilitate the task, but being an islander is an element which favors good management “.
If analyzed by the municipalities of the Balearic Islands, more than half had increased mortality in 2020, compared to the average of the last five years. Estellencs has the highest excess mortality in the Balearics in terms of percentage; exactly 50 percent. However, the numbers are skewed due to its small population. Specifically, in 2020 three people died, while the average for the past five years is five. Estellencs is followed by Esporles, with an excess mortality of 33.14%; Capdepera (32.39 percent) and Servera sons (32.27 percent).
In the case of Palma, which represents almost half of the island’s population, the excess mortality rate is 8.02 percent; above the average for the Balearic Islands. March noted that “excess mortality is highest in large cities, where most of the population resides. Nationally, in municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, there were 21.8% more deaths than the average of the previous five years, less than 2,500, the figure drops to 12.5 percent, near the half “. He added that” what we have seen in the whole of Spain is that the municipalities most affected have been those around Madrid, followed by towns located near major cities or capitals. provincial.
Municipalities with fewer deaths, despite COVID-19
On the other hand, 44.77 percent of island municipalities had fewer deaths in 2020 than the average of the past five years, despite COVID-19. Soller, Calvià, Llucmajor and Sa Pobla are some of the municipalities in which fewer people have died, although they are quite affected. In Sóller’s case, it is worth recalling the epidemics that occurred in his retirement home; while in Sa Pobla, massive screening had to be done to control the virus.
The specialist in public health and preventive medicine concludes that “the analysis of excess mortality in the first year of the pandemic is important because it gives clues as to how it was managed in this community. The islands Balearic Islands gave excellent figures in 2020, compared with communities such as Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León or Aragon. Specifically, there were 60,358 deaths from confirmed coronaviruses and 14,481 with symptoms consistent with the disease.